What do bass fish eat?

Last Updated: 16.08.19


If you’re a keen angler and you enjoy indulging in your hobby once in a while, you’re probably familiar with bass fish, especially since it’s one of the most common species found out there.

They’re the most popular game fish in North America, or at least that’s what statistics seem to suggest. They are however some of the top predators of their ecosystem and feed on pretty much every species that’s smaller in size.

If you want to learn more on how to improve your fishing skills, try checking out some of our other articles we’ve published on our website, such as the one on how to pick solid fly fishing rod or excellent saltwater surf fishing rod and reel combos.

Common info

Bass is a solitary species, and these fish will occasionally be found in larger groups, especially near areas with abundant food supplies. They are pretty hard to catch, given that they hide a lot between rocks or among vegetation.

This is a species that’s used to hunting, considering that they’re at the top of the food chain in their ecosystem. They’re also very common and can be found in rivers, lakes, ponds and generally any place you would think to go fishing.


Regular diet

Their preferred diet includes small fish such as sunfish, perch or minnows. They do however eat almost anything, including insects, frogs or even small birds. Smaller bass fish will feed on food that’s easier to hunt for, such as zooplankton or tiny insects.

Once they grow, they become active predators and will dominate their ecosystem. They are aggressive fish that tend to hunt for anything they consider alive, so it’s pretty easy to startle them if you’re a skilled angler.

Although they lurk in the shadows, or generally the underwater places that feel safe, and they wait for their prey to be vulnerable, it’s easy to drag them out of their hiding spot by stimulating them since they have a sharp sense of smell.


Patterns they follow

The reason why they tend to stay in badly-lit places is not only that they’re trying to avoid being seen, but they also have a high sensitivity to light. This means they’re more active early and late in the day, and that’s when you have the highest chances of catching them.

They can bite the bait all year round, but research has shown that the best season to hunt for bass fish is during spring, because that’s when they start moving closer to the surface.

If you’re not too experienced but you want to try your hand at catching bass fish, we would recommend working with spincast reels, given that bass fish are known for being though fighters when you reel them in.

Interesting facts regarding their lifestyle and diet choices

If you’re set on finding out the best ways of catching bass fish, you should be well-informed with regards to their lifestyle and their usual diet choices. This way you can speculate on their habits and anticipate their actions, which will make your task a lot easier.

For example, even though bass fish are usually solitary creatures, adult males can be found in larger groups near a brood swarm that they’re guarding, and spotting this place will increase your chances of success.

You can approximate a bass fish’ age by their size, given that they never stop growing. The larger they are, the older they are.

It might be more challenging to hunt for them given that they are most active when the light conditions are pretty bad, but given the right bait and technique, you shouldn’t have any trouble catching one.

The most common lures for this species include jigs, spinnerbaits, plastic worms, spoons or crankbaits. It is recommended that you experiment with different types of bait and lures until you reach the formula that you find to be the most effective.

Even though most anglers tend to use artificial lures when they’re fishing for bass, we would recommend trying nightcrawlers or small shad or crayfish, since they might prove to be equally valid.

One more thing that might help you increase your chances of success is knowing that bass fish are attracted to baits that are colored red, so try sticking to that range if you want to catch one.


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