Fly fishing

Of all the techniques that we’ll be tackling in this article, fly fishing is the most basic one. At least, that’s what beginning anglers tend to think. All you need is a fly rod, a line, and several artificial flies. As for the location that this technique can be employed in, you can use it successfully in mountain streams, but also in lakes and ponds.

One of the most important benefits ensured by fly fishing is that it doesn’t take a toll on a beginning fisher’s budget. Most of the equipment is reasonably priced, but that doesn’t mean you can’t use the technique to target a broad array of species. Commonly, fly fishing is used for catching salmon and trout, but the variety of species you can use the technique for is next to infinite.

In terms of size, fly rods can range from 6 feet to 15 feet, especially as the latest trend suggests the use of longer poles in smaller streams. An average dimension would be around 9 feet, in which case you’d be able to use the equipment both in fresh and salt water.


Surf fishing

This general term refers to angling while standing on the shoreline or wading in the surf. Beach casting is another synonym used by some anglers. In most cases, this technique is employed in saltwater.

The rod that you will be needing for this type of fishing can have a length between 7 feet and 10 feet. Spinning and conventional reels are commonly used with this technique. Terminal tackle includes hooks, lines, swivels, and leaders, while some of the artificial lures typically utilized range from soft plastics and jigs to plugs and spoons.

Because of its demands, surf fishing often requires fishers to purchase specialized clothing. Cold water temperatures call for the use of waders, be they chest-high or integrated boot waders. In addition to all of this, since some anglers like to engage in a bit of surf fishing at nighttime, they might also need a headlamp, a flashlight, or several light sticks.

Some of the species that you will be able to catch with this technique range from bluefish and redfish to flounder, pompano, Spanish mackerel, and even tarpon.


Spin fishing

As is the case with various other techniques, spin fishing can be performed both in fresh and saltwater. The equipment called for this type of angling differs from fly fishing and bait casting because of the rod and reel. Anglers should utilize either a closed faced reel or an open faced one and a rod that hasn’t been equipped with a trigger attached to the base.

A spinning lure is utilized for this technique, whether you prefer Bottom bouncing or Walking the Dog. The artificial lure you will have to rely on when surf fishing has to imitate the prey fish of zander or pike. The species you’ll be able to catch range from perch, salmon, and trout to Walleye, pike, and Bass.



The object of this type of fishing is getting the lure to the place where the fish is located. In some respects, bait casting is used much like the formerly mentioned techniques; however, it does require a certain set of specialized equipment, mainly in regards to saltwater angling. Some say that this technique is quite difficult to master particularly because the reels and rods commonly utilized work differently compared to those required by other types of fishing.

Practice makes perfect and it seems to be the golden rule to keep in mind while learning how to bait cast. Baitcasting reels have a tendency to backlash or snarl, which is why they are often outfitted with a brake, be it magnetic or centrifugal. In spite of the fact that this technique does not seem to be intended for beginners, we’ve seen that most anglers start out by casting with spinning equipment and later on move to tackle designed for baitcasting.


Ice fishing

Unlike all the other angling techniques we have mentioned above, ice fishing calls for equipment that’s highly specialized. The first thing that you will require is a hand ice auger or a chisel with the help of which you will create a hole. The size of the hole depends on the species you are targeting.

Depending on your personal preferences, you will either require a light rod with which you’ll need to use brightly colored jigs or lures and produce a jig effect, or rely on tip-ups that can be made of plastic or wood.

While recreational fishing doesn’t call for the use of a fish finder or flasher, the same rule does not apply in the case of ice fishing. You’ll see that most anglers interested in this technique use some type of sonar system or the other. On the one hand, this type of device can provide information pertaining to the presence of fish or other objects under the ice, but they can also track the moves of the bait, which enables the angler to place it right in front of the targeted fish.  


Canoe fishing

Fishing from a kayak or a canoe can be a highly satisfying experience provided that you use the right equipment. Canoes are particularly easy to transport and launch and they offer the advantage of movability.

You won’t require a too expensive and large boat in order to target your chosen species, and your angling adventures don’t have to be limited to fresh or saltwater. With a kayak, you can fish on a lake or river, which allows you to make the most of the area you live in. You can also engage in some saltwater fishing in the backwaters.


Freshwater and saltwater fishing

Freshwater fishing is a versatile pastime as it can be performed in places like streams, rivers, lakes, ponds, and reservoirs. Almost 40% of the fish on the entire planet are freshwater species, and some of the common ones you can catch are bass, crappie, Walleye, catfish, and salmon. This type of angling can be done from the shore, from a dock, or from a boat. Adjust your gear depending on the waters you’re in and the species you are targeting.

Saltwater fishing can refer to the techniques used for shallow water or deep-ocean fishing. Some of the fish you can catch when angling in shallow water range from redfish to seatrout. Deep-ocean fishing calls for much more serious equipment as many of the species you will target are bad and big, as are the waters they live in. With the latter technique, you can target marlin, sharks, tuna, or smaller species such as speckled trout.


Image credits: Pixabay

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